We live in a technologically advanced society that enables us to form movements and communities, grants us access to many resources and can be used to create our own resources to disseminate and share. Websites, such as meetup.com can serve to form networks of similarly minded individuals who are interested in experimenting with smallholder practices on their personal or community properties.
However, while smallholder practices can potentially thrive across suburban, urban, and rural communities, the practices across each community context will not be homogenous. Knowledge, resources, and support networks will necessarily be distributed differently not only amongst suburban, urban, and rural community types, but also between individual communities, states, and even countries. Even on the individual level, emerging smallholder practices will have to adjust to microclimates and be self-adaptive.
Future research needs to examine how communities, cities, states, and countries choose to incentivize or even de-incentivize these similar activities and how these policies influence peoples decisions. This information is crucial in the exploration of how a smallholder community and movement might appear and function in the United States.
The American Context:
Literature To Review:
Jeavons, John C. 2001. “Biointensive Sustainable Mini-Farming. II: Perspective, Principles, Techniques and History.” Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 19(2): 65-76.
Schupp, Justin L., Jeff S. Sharp. 2012. “Exploring the social bases of home gardening.” Agriculture and Human Values 29(1): 93-105.
Poulsen, Melissa N., Kristyna R. S. Hulland, Carolyn A. Gulas, Hieu Pham, Sarah L. Dalglish, Rebecca K. Wilkinson, Peter J. Winch. 2014. “Growing an Urban Oasis: A Qualitative Study of the Perceived Benefits of Community Gardening in Baltimore, Maryland.” The Journal of Culture & Agriculture: Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment 36(2): 69-82.
Carfagna, Lindsey B., Emilie A. Dubois, Connor Fitzmaurice, Monique Y. Ouimette, Juliet B. Schor, Margaret Willis. 2014. “An emerging eco-habitus: The reconfiguration of high cultural capital practices among ethical consumers.” Journal of Consumer Culture 14(2): 158-178.
Andreatta, Susan L. 2015. “Through the Generations: Victory Gardens for Tomorrow’s Tables.” The Journal of Culture & Agriculture: Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment 37(1): 38-46.
Naylor, Lindsay. 2012. “Hired gardens and the question of transgression: lawns, food gardens and the business of ‘alternative’ food practice.” Cultural Geographies 19(4): 483-504.
Taylor, John R., Sarah Taylor Lovell. 2o14. “Urban home food gardens in the Global North: research traditions and future directions.” Agriculture and Human Values 31(2): 285-305.
Galluzzi, Gea, Pablo Eyzaguirre, Valeria Negri. 2010. “Home Gardens: Neglected hotspots of agro-biodiversity and cultural diversity.” Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 19(13): 3635-3654.